Guide for Applicants - Canadian Transportation Agency

(Cases in respect of administrative monetary penalties imposed under the Canada Transportation Act)


The Transportation Appeal Tribunal of Canada is a quasi‑judicial body established in June 2003 (S.C 2001, c. 29) to provide for an independent process of review of administrative and enforcement actions — including the suspension, cancellation, refusal to renew, or the refusal to issue or amend documents of entitlement, the issuance of railway orders, and the imposition of administrative monetary penalties — taken under various federal transportation Acts.

The Transportation Appeal Tribunal of Canada replaces the Civil Aviation Tribunal which was established under Part IV of the Aeronautics Act in 1986. The Tribunal has jurisdiction in respect of reviews and appeals as expressly provided for under the Aeronautics Act, the Canada Shipping Act, 2001, the Marine Transportation Security Act, the Railway Safety Act and any other federal Act regarding transportation.

The Tribunal also has jurisdiction in respect of reviews and appeals in connection with administrative monetary penalties provided for under sections 177 to 181 of the Canada Transportation Act, sections 43 to 55 of the International Bridges and Tunnels Act and sections 129.01 to 129.19 of the Canada Marine Act.


The Tribunal reports to Parliament, and its key feature is its independence from any government department.


In accordance with the Transportation Appeal Tribunal of Canada Act, the Governor in Council has appointed a full‑time Chairperson and Vice‑Chairperson to the Tribunal. The other members of the Tribunal are drawn from across Canada and are appointed as full or part‑time members by Order in Council on the basis of their expertise in relevant transportation sectors. The Chairperson has supervision over, and the direction of the work of, the members and staff of the Tribunal.

The Tribunal provides a system within which hearings can be scheduled and conducted promptly, fairly and informally.

Levels Of Hearings

There are two levels of hearings:

(1) The first level of hearing, conducted by one Tribunal member, is a REVIEW of an administrative monetary penalty imposed under the Canada Transportation Act, where a designated enforcement officer of the Canada Transportation Agency believes on reasonable grounds that there has been a breach of a designated provision.

(2) The second level of hearing, usually heard by a designated chairperson and two other Tribunal members, is an APPEAL of the determination rendered by the Tribunal member at the first level.

The member who conducted the first hearing will not be involved in the second hearing. This appeal is based on the arguments, evidence and exhibits contained in the transcript and record of the review hearing. Only evidence not previously available may be presented at the appeal hearing.

Application For Review Hearing

A request for a review must be filed in writing with the Tribunal, on or before the date specified in the notice of violation, to arrange for a review hearing.

This application may be sent by mail, facsimile, electronic mail or delivered in person to the Transportation Appeal Tribunal Registry at the following address:

The Transportation Appeal Tribunal of Canada
333 Laurier Avenue West
Room 1201
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0N5
fax no.:  613-990‑9153

The application should contain the following information:

  • name, address and telephone numbers;
  • copy of the notice of violation received from the Agency;
  • name and telephone number of representative, if any;
  • hearing to be conducted in English or French.

For further information, contact the Registry at: 613-990‑6906 or consult the Tribunal's Web site:

Late Application

If the date specified in the notice of violation for submitting an application has expired, a written request for an extension of time is provided for in section 180.3(1) of the Canada Transportation Act. The request should set out the reason why the application was not filed within the specified period.

Pre‑Hearing Conference

The Tribunal may direct the parties to participate in a conference call; or to consult each other and submit in writing a copy of the pre‑hearing agreement entered into by the parties, so as to assist the Tribunal regarding:

  • the admission or proof of agreed upon facts;
  • any procedural matter;
  • the production of documents and proposed exhibits;
  • the agreement to call particular witnesses; and
  • any other matter.

Motions Or Preliminary Requests

If at all possible, motions should be submitted in writing to the Tribunal in advance of the hearing to allow the Tribunal to request representations if necessary, so as to avoid unnecessary adjournments and possible costs.

Review Hearing


The Tribunal Registrar will set a date, time and place for a review hearing as soon as possible upon receipt of a request for review.


For convenience, hearings are conducted in various regions of Canada in either official language. The location will be where the alleged infraction occurred, or the nearest practical alternative.

Hearings shall be held in public. However, the Tribunal may hold a hearing or any part of a hearing in private as expressly provided for in subsection 15(4) of the Transportation Appeal Tribunal of Canada Act.

Request for Postponement of Hearing

In the interest of fairness and natural justice to all parties and in an effort to conduct its hearings expeditiously, the Tribunal expects all parties to respect scheduled hearing dates. The Tribunal will not accede to all requests for postponements, even where the parties themselves come to an agreed date for a new hearing.

Occasionally, the Tribunal will direct that a hearing be postponed when absolutely necessary. In the absence of good cause, and unless a party would be prejudiced if a postponement were not granted, the Tribunal will direct that hearings take place at the date and time referred to in the notice previously served on the parties.

Awarding of Costs

The Tribunal may award any costs, and may require the reimbursement of any expenses incurred in connection with a hearing, that it considers reasonable if

  • it is seized of the matter for reasons that are frivolous or vexatious;
  • a party that files a request for a review or an appeal and does not appear at the hearing does not establish that there was sufficient reason to justify their absence; or
  • a party that is granted an adjournment of the hearing requested the adjournment without adequate notice to the Tribunal.

Representation at Hearings

Parties may appear personally or be represented by another person. This person may be a lawyer, an association representative, a family member, a friend, etc., in which case the Tribunal registrar should be notified. The Tribunal is not responsible for providing the parties with a representative.


Applicants are entitled to know the case that they have to meet. Such knowledge is usually conveyed through the provision of a disclosure package by the case presenting officer from the Agency in advance of the review hearing to allow sufficient time for case preparation.

Where disclosure of documents and names of witnesses are not forthcoming, an application for their production may be made to the Tribunal prior to the review hearing.


The case presenting officer from the Agency  will present its case first. The burden of proving the case is on the case presenting officer from the Agency.

An applicant is not required, and shall not be compelled, to give any evidence or testimony in the matter. The applicant has the right to cross‑examine the witnesses introduced by the case presenting officer from the Agency. After the  case is completed by the case presenting officer from the Agency, the applicant may present his or her case through calling witnesses and filing documents by way of defence. It follows that the case presenting officer from the Agency has the corresponding right to cross‑examine the applicant's witnesses.

In conclusion both parties will have an opportunity to present arguments to the Tribunal member by way of a summation of the facts and the law as applicable.


Witnesses may be requested to appear before the Tribunal by either party, and for this purpose the registrar shall issue a summons upon request. For information on fees, allowances and proper service of a summons please refer to Rule 42 of the Federal Courts Rules.

If a witness does not appear at a review hearing, upon proof of proper service and provision of conduct money in accordance with the Federal Courts Rules, 1998, the Tribunal registrar may issue a warrant.


All relevant evidence and exhibits should be presented at the review hearing. At a subsequent appeal hearing, only evidence which was not available at the time of the review hearing will be accepted and then only if the appeal panel finds it necessary for purposes of the appeal hearing.

Evidence is usually in the form of sworn oral testimony with both parties being provided the opportunity to cross‑examine witnesses. Documents, photographs and other forms of evidence may also be used. Both parties may examine the original documents filed as exhibits. Each party should provide sufficient copies for the other party and the Tribunal member.

Where special equipment is required for the introduction of audio tapes or videos, arrangements should be made in advance with the Tribunal Registrar.

Witnesses may testify in either official language. Should a witness wish to testify in a language other than the language of the hearing, arrangements must be made with the Tribunal Registrar for the use of interpreters if necessary.

The review hearing is recorded to ensure that an adequate record or transcript is available for use at any subsequent appeal hearing.

Burden of Proof

In any proceeding before the Tribunal, the case presenting officer from the Agency must prove its case on the balance of probabilities.

Review Determination

The Tribunal member shall provide a determination with reasons in writing following the review hearing.

Powers of the Tribunal Member at Review

The Tribunal may confirm the Agency's decision, dismiss the allegation or increase or decrease the penalty.

Appeal Hearing

The determination rendered by a Tribunal member following a review hearing may be appealed by applying to the Tribunal, in writing, within 30 days after the determination was served on the parties personally or by registered mail. No extension to this time limit is provided for in the Act.


A party that does not appear at a review hearing is not entitled to appeal a determination, unless they establish that there was sufficient reason to justify their absence.

The written request for appeal shall include a concise statement of the grounds on which the appeal is based. The Tribunal will subsequently give notice to the parties of the date, time and place of the hearing. Appeals are based on the record of proceedings of the review hearing. A copy of the transcript of the review proceedings will be provided to the parties by the Tribunal registrar.

New evidence may be accepted at the appeal hearing ONLY if the appeal panel is satisfied that the evidence was not available for the review hearing and is necessary for purposes of the appeal.

The Tribunal member whose determination is appealed will not be a member of the appeal panel. Appeal panels usually consist of three members and are usually chaired by the Chairperson or Vice‑Chairperson of the Tribunal.

Procedures At An Appeal Hearing

Oral Argument

The appeal panel shall allow oral argument. Following argument from both parties, there will be an opportunity for response. The appeal panel may request that the parties submit additional written arguments before rendering its decision.

Appeal Decision

The appeal panel shall render a written decision, with reasons, which will be served on the parties following the proceeding. The appeal decision is final and binding on the parties.


If further information is required, the Transportation Appeal Tribunal of Canada Act,  the Canada Transportation Act and its regulations, and the Transportation Appeal Tribunal of Canada Rules should be consulted.

The registrar of the Tribunal may also be contacted directly at the address and telephone number indicated in this brochure.

Under no circumstances should a party attempt to discuss a file directly with a Tribunal member.